Scientific name
Medicago sativa
Also Known As
Lucerne, Purple medick
Alfalfa is a clover-like plant with leaves in threes that are distinct because the leaflets have teeth only on the upper head of the leaflets. Alfalfa also has dense heads of purple flowers.

Scientific name
Lupinus polyphyllus
Also Known As
Wyeth's lupine
Big-leaf lupine is a perennial forb with purple to blue flowers, distinguished from the other 200 lupine species in North America by hairless or sparsely hairy banner and keel.

Scientific name
Pithecellobium guadalupense
Leaves of this small tree have 4 leaflets, in pairs. The fragrant flowers are cream or pink colored, about 1 inch diameter on stalks. Seed pods are twisted with black seeds with bright red fruit-like attachments.

Scientific name
Baptisia australis
Also Known As
Wild blue indigo
This beautiful plant is an often used garden perennial and was named the 2010 perennial plant of the year. Its common name refers to one use of the plant. The Cherokees used the plant to create a blue dye, similar to the dye from the true indigo plant (Indigofera tinctoria). Its dried pea-like pods have been used for rattles for children and are popular in dried plant arrangements.

Scientific name
Baptisia bracteata
Showy early wildflower with creme-colored pea-like flowers and hairy stems that sprawl along the ground. Common in prairies and fields in the Midwest and eastern Great Plains. Popular waterwise garden plant. Pea family.

Scientific name
Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbuds are small trees or large shrubs found throughout the eastern United States. A redbud can grow up to 30 feet tall. The leaves of the Eastern redbud are distinctly heart-shaped and soft looking. The flowers are very showy and come in various shades of magenta. The flowers emerge before the leaves in the spring. Eastern redbuds are often encountered as landscape plants but also in southern forests as understory plants.

Scientific name
Pediomelum esculentum
Also Known As
Indian potato, Prairie turnip
This perennial legume has bluish purple flowers and palmately divided leaves with 3-5 leaflets. Leaves are hairy and alternate along the stem.

Scientific name
Piscidia piscipula
A tall tree, the Jamaica dogwoods leaves are compound, with 5 to 7, 1.5 to 4 inch long leaflets. The flowers have lavender or pink petals that hang in long clusters. Historically the tree roots, bark, and leaves were used to stun fish.

Scientific name
Acacia koa
The largest of native Hawaiian trees, with pale yellow flowers in ball-like clusters and long flattened leaf stalks (phyllodes) instead of true leaves.